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vsprintf

(PHP 4 >= 4.1.0, PHP 5)

vsprintfDevuelve una cadena con formato

Descripción

string vsprintf ( string $format , array $args )

Opera como sprintf() pero acepta un array de argumentos, en lugar de un número variable de argumentos.

Parámetros

format

Ver sprintf() para una descripción de format.

args

Valores devueltos

Devuelve los valores de un array como una cadena con formato de acuerdo a format (el cual es descrito en la documentación de sprintf()).

Ejemplos

Ejemplo #1 vsprintf(): zero-padded integers

<?php
print vsprintf("%04d-%02d-%02d"explode('-''1988-8-1')); // 1988-08-01
?>

Ver también

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User Contributed Notes 12 notes

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4
www dot wesley at gmail dot com
6 years ago
vnsprintf is equal to vsprintf except for associative, signed or floating keys.

vnsprintf supports for example "%assocKey$05d", "%-2$'+10s" and "%3.2$05u", vsprintf doesn't

vnsprintf( '%2$d', $array) [2nd value] is equal to vsprintf( '%2$d', $array) [2nd value]
vnsprintf( '%+2$d', $array) [key = 2] is equal to vnsprintf( '%2.0$d', $array) [key = 2]
vnsprintf( '%+2$d', $array) [key = 2] is different of vsprintf( '%+2$d', $array) [unsupported]

When you use signed or floating keys, vnsprintf searchs for the signed truncated key of the original array

Note¹: vnsprintf does not support for example "%someKeyf" (floating number, key = someKey) or "%+03d" (signed decimal number, key = 3), you should use "%someKey$f" or "%+03$d" respectively.
Note²: "%+03d" (or "%1$+03d") will be interpreted as signed zero-padded decimal number

<?php
function vnsprintf( $format, array $data)
{
   
preg_match_all( '/ (?<!%) % ( (?: [[:alpha:]_-][[:alnum:]_-]* | ([-+])? [0-9]+ (?(2) (?:\.[0-9]+)? | \.[0-9]+ ) ) ) \$ [-+]? \'? .? -? [0-9]* (\.[0-9]+)? \w/x', $format, $match, PREG_SET_ORDER | PREG_OFFSET_CAPTURE);
   
$offset = 0;
   
$keys = array_keys($data);
    foreach (
$match as &$value )
    {
        if ( (
$key = array_search( $value[1][0], $keys) ) !== FALSE || ( is_numeric( $value[1][0]) && ( $key = array_search( (int)$value[1][0], $keys) ) !== FALSE ) ) {
           
$len = strlen( $value[1][0]);
           
$format = substr_replace( $format, 1 + $key, $offset + $value[1][1], $len);
           
$offset -= $len - strlen( $key);
        }
    }
    return
vsprintf( $format, $data);
}

$examples = array(
   
2.8=>'positiveFloat',    // key = 2 , 1st value
   
-3=>'negativeInteger',    // key = -3 , 2nd value
   
'my_name'=>'someString'    // key = my_name , 3rd value
);

echo
vsprintf( "%%my_name\$s = '%my_name\$s'\n", $examples);    // [unsupported]
echo vnsprintf( "%%my_name\$s = '%my_name\$s'\n", $examples);    // output : "someString"

echo vsprintf( "%%2.5\$s = '%2.5\$s'\n", $examples);        // [unsupported]
echo vnsprintf( "%%2.5\$s = '%2.5\$s'\n", $examples);        // output : "positiveFloat"

echo vsprintf( "%%+2.5\$s = '%+2.5\$s'\n", $examples);        // [unsupported]
echo vnsprintf( "%%+2.5\$s = '%+2.5\$s'\n", $examples);        // output : "positiveFloat"

echo vsprintf( "%%-3.2\$s = '%-3.2\$s'\n", $examples);        // [unsupported]
echo vnsprintf( "%%-3.2\$s = '%-3.2\$s'\n", $examples);        // output : "negativeInteger"

echo vsprintf( "%%2\$s = '%2\$s'\n", $examples);            // output : "negativeInteger"
echo vnsprintf( "%%2\$s = '%2\$s'\n", $examples);            // output : [= vsprintf]

echo vsprintf( "%%+2\$s = '%+2\$s'\n", $examples);        // [unsupported]
echo vnsprintf( "%%+2\$s = '%+2\$s'\n", $examples);        // output : "positiveFloat"

echo vsprintf( "%%-3\$s = '%-3\$s'\n", $examples);        // [unsupported]
echo vnsprintf( "%%-3\$s = '%-3\$s'\n", $examples);        // output : "negativeInteger"
?>
up
3
Roadster
7 years ago
Please note: The same functionality (sortof) can be attained between version 4.0.4 and 4.1.0 using call_user_func_array.

Example:

call_user_func_array("sprintf", $arg)

First element of $arg is the format. This rescued me in a situation where version 4.1.0 wasn't available.
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2
dee jay simple zero07 at geemail dawt co
1 year ago
Using a heredoc with vprintf:

<?php
$string
= <<<THESTRING
I like the state of %1\$s <br />
I picked: %2\$d as a number, <br />
I also picked %2\$d as a number again <br />
%3\$s<br />
THESTRING;

$returnText = vprintf$string, array('Oregon','7','I Love Oregon')  );

echo
$returnText;
?>
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2
tbS dot P dot A dot M at S dot U dot K dot Staylorbarstow dot com
9 years ago
Simple but useful routine:

<?php
function vsprintf_iter($fmt,$data) {
    if (!
is_array($data)) return false;
   
$ret = '';
    foreach (
$data as $d) {
       
$ret .= vsprintf($fmt,$d);
    }
    return
$ret;
}
?>
up
2
Josef Kufner
1 year ago
<?php
/**
* Like vsprintf, but accepts $args keys instead of order index.
* Both numeric and strings matching /[a-zA-Z0-9_-]+/ are allowed.
*
* Example: vskprintf('y = %y$d, x = %x$1.1f', array('x' => 1, 'y' => 2))
* Result:  'y = 2, x = 1.0'
*
* $args also can be object, then it's properties are retrieved
* using get_object_vars().
*
* '%s' without argument name works fine too. Everything vsprintf() can do
* is supported.
*
* @author Josef Kufner <jkufner(at)gmail.com>
*/
function vksprintf($str, $args)
{
    if (
is_object($args)) {
       
$args = get_object_vars($args);
    }
   
$map = array_flip(array_keys($args));
   
$new_str = preg_replace_callback('/(^|[^%])%([a-zA-Z0-9_-]+)\$/',
            function(
$m) use ($map) { return $m[1].'%'.($map[$m[2]] + 1).'$'; },
           
$str);
    return
vsprintf($new_str, $args);
}
?>
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2
jon at ardentcreative dot co dot uk
8 years ago
This can be used for quick and dirty internationalization:

<?php
$GLOBALS
['strings']['example'] = "There are %d people.";

// Loads a phrase from the translations list in lang/$lang/phrases.php
function t() {
   
$args = func_get_args();
   
$nArgs = func_num_args();
   
   
$phrase = array_shift($args);
   
$nArgs--;
   
    include_once(
"../lang/" . lang() . "/phrases.php");
    if (isset(
$GLOBALS['strings'][$phrase])) {
        return
vsprintf($GLOBALS['strings'][$phrase], $args);
    } else {
        return
'<span style="color: #ff0000">Untranslated string: ' . $phrase . '</span>';
    }
}
?>
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1
toneee at g mail dot com
8 years ago
I found this function to be useful for formatting sql queries.

I do something like this:

function sql_build($template, $params = array()) {
  global $sql_templates;
  if (isset($sql_templates[$template])) {
    $sql = vsprintf($sql_templates[$template], $params);
    return $sql;
  }
  return false;
}

// Fetch list of contacts, for a given section id
$sql_templates['contacts_by_section'] = <<<ENDSQL
select
  id,
  name,
  email, 
  address,
  photo_id
from
  contacts
where
  section_id = %d
ENDSQL;

You also give yourself an added layer of security on the sql due to the sprintf formatting. For example, using %d will not allow any sql injection for that parameter.
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1
jed at NOSPAM dot jed dot bz
10 years ago
vsprintf() accepts arrays with any keys, so the array_shift() technique is unnecessary when writing a printf-type function. Any parameters you require are easily unset from the array you retrieve with func_get_args():

<?php

function mysprintf($format) {
   
$args = func_get_args();
    unset(
$args[0]); /* get rid of "$format" */
   
return vsprintf($format, $args);
}

/* I use this technique in production code as follows: */
function logf($target, $string) {
   
$args = func_get_args();
    unset(
$args[0], $args[1]);
   
fprintf($GLOBALS['config']['logtargets'][$target],
       
"[%s] %s\n", date('H:i'), wordwrap(vsprintf($string, $args), 75, '\n\r '));
}

/* e.g.:
    logf(DEBUG, "Oops! %s", mysql_error());
*/

?>

array_shift() and other costly array operations aren't required, as far as I know. I could be wrong.
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0
thomas att familie dash flori dot de
1 year ago
Here is my example for named placeholders. It uses python like named placeholders except that it only allows /[a-z][a-zA-Z0-9_]/ for names.

<?php

/**
* Returns a formatted string. Accepts named arguments.
* @param string $format
* @param array $args
* @return string
**/
function vsprintfn($format, $args) {
   
// search format patterns
   
preg_match_all('/((?:^|[^%])(?:%%)*)%(\([a-z][a-zA-Z0-9_]*\))?((\+|-)?(0| |\'.)?-?[0-9\.]*[bcdeEufFgGosxX])/', $format, $matches);
   
// determine the order of the arguments
   
$j = 0;
   
$order = array();
    foreach (
$matches[0] as $i => $match) {
        if (
$matches[2][$i] == '') {
           
$key = $j++;
        } else {
           
$key = substr($matches[2][$i],1,-1);
        }
       
$order[] = $key;
    }
   
// prepare the data array for vsprintf in the given order
   
$data = array();
    foreach (
$order as $key) {
        if (isset(
$args[$key])) {
           
$data[] = $args[$key];
        }
    }
   
// replace named format patterns with default format patterns
   
$format = preg_replace('/((?:^|[^%])(?:%%)*)%(\([a-z][a-zA-Z0-9_]*\))((\+|-)?(0| |\'.)?-?[0-9\.]*[bcdeEufFgGosxX])/', '$1%$3', $format);
   
// return formatted string
   
return vsprintf($format, $data);
}

$exampleData = array(0=>2.2314123123,'test'=>2.1234883);
echo
vsprintfn('%%2.5f = %2.5f', $exampleData) . "\n";
echo
vsprintfn('%%(test)09.5f = %(test)\'%9.5f', $exampleData) . "\n";

?>
up
0
strata_ranger at hotmail dot com
4 years ago
Here's a simple variation on vsprintf() suitable for use with database queries where the results were retrieved as an associative array keyed by column names.

<?php

function dbsprintf($format, $fields, $row)
// $format - sprintf() compatible format string
// $row - Array containing key/value pairs of data
// $fields - Array containing key names (from $row) that are to be used as arguments
{
 
// Loop through $fields and insert the corresponding values from $row
 
foreach($fields as &$value)
  {
   
$value = $row[$value];
  } unset(
$value);
 
 
// Format the string and return
 
return vsprintf($format, $fields);
}

// Some data
$row = Array('id' => '12', 'name' => 'World');

// Outputs "Hello World!"
echo dbsprintf('Hello, %s!', Array('name'), $row);
// Outputs "Hello 12!"
echo dbsprintf('Hello, %s!', Array('id'), $row);

?>
up
0
jeppe dot dyrby at gmail dot com
5 years ago
Heres a new version of the vnsprintf function, i call it dsprintf, but that should matter.

<?php
function dsprintf() {
 
$data = func_get_args(); // get all the arguments
 
$string = array_shift($data); // the string is the first one
 
if (is_array(func_get_arg(1))) { // if the second one is an array, use that
   
$data = func_get_arg(1);
  }
 
$used_keys = array();
 
// get the matches, and feed them to our function
 
$string = preg_replace('/\%\((.*?)\)(.)/e',
   
'dsprintfMatch(\'$1\',\'$2\',\$data,$used_keys)',$string);
 
$data = array_diff_key($data,$used_keys); // diff the data with the used_keys
 
return vsprintf($string,$data); // yeah!
}

function
dsprintfMatch($m1,$m2,&$data,&$used_keys) {
  if (isset(
$data[$m1])) { // if the key is there
   
$str = $data[$m1];
   
$used_keys[$m1] = $m1; // dont unset it, it can be used multiple times
   
return sprintf("%".$m2,$str); // sprintf the string, so %s, or %d works like it should
 
} else {
    return
"%".$m2; // else, return a regular %s, or %d or whatever is used
 
}
}
$str = "Hello, %(place)s, how is it hanning at %(place)s? %s works just as well";
$find = array(
 
'place' => 'world',
 
'sprintf',
 
'not used'
);
echo
dsprintf($str, $find);
// 'Hello, world, how is it hanning at world? sprintf works just as well'
?>
up
-1
samviseNOSPAM at hobbitonNOSPAM dot it
12 years ago
i wrote a short function that make use of vsprintf. It is useful in first coding/debugging of php scripts, because it is called like a simple printf and it display in italic (you can change it of course ;-) ) every debug messages, making it easy to remove them when your code is ready.

here goes :

<?php
function printd() {
       
$debug_array=func_get_args();
       
$debug_numargs=func_num_args();
       
$debug_fmt=$debug_array[0];
        for (
$i = 0 ; $i < $debug_numargs ; $i++ )
               
$debug_array[$i] = $debug_array[$i+1];
       
$debug_text=vsprintf($debug_fmt, $debug_array);
       
printf("--> debug <i>%s</i>\n",
               
$debug_text);
}
?>
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